The treatment for angina symptoms varies depending on what type of angina a person has, notes Mayo Clinic. Treatment ranges from hospitalization and surgery to lifestyle changes and medications. Lifestyle changes that help improve angina symptoms are a healthy diet, avoiding stress and engaging in a safe, doctor-approved exercise program.
Unstable angina is dangerous and considered a warning sign of a heart attack according to Mayo Clinic. This type of angina is a change in previous angina symptoms, such as worsening pain or it is a completely new condition. Treating the symptoms of unstable angina requires hospitalization, a possible adjustment of medications, and angioplasty with the placement of stents. Lifestyle changes are also required in the majority of cases.
Chronic stable angina is pain that goes away with rest and worsens during exertion, states Mayo Clinic. Treatment for this type of angina and the accompanying symptoms may involve bypass surgery, angioplasty with the placement of stents, and the use of medication. Many people use nitrates, beta blockers or statins for this condition. Aspirin, calcium channel blockers and ACE inhibitors are also used.
No matter what type of angina a person has, it is best to stop smoking, control cholesterol, and treat any underlying conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure, notes Mayo Clinic. In some cases it is best to try conservative methods such as lifestyle changes and medication before angioplasty and stents, but in some cases stenting and bypass surgery cannot be avoided.