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How do you treat stuttering?

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As of 2015 treatment options for stuttering include cognitive behavioral therapy, controlled fluency and special electronic devices, states Mayo Clinic. There is no research to support the efficacy of any medications.

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Cognitive behavioral therapy helps a person who experiences stuttering to change thought processes that aggravate the problem, reports Mayo Clinic. The therapy also counters self-esteem problems, anxiety and stress that correlate with the condition. Controlled fluency is speech therapy that teaches the patient to speak slowly and to recognize when he stutters.

Parental support is necessary for a child who stutters, advises Mayo Clinic. Not distracting the child when he is talking and listening attentively while keeping eye contact help, as well. Other tips include talking in turns with the child, praising him rather than criticizing and not focusing on the stuttering. The condition sometimes leads to communication problems, low self-esteem and problems socializing with others.

Causes of stuttering include medical conditions such as trauma and stroke and abnormalities in speech motor control, according to Mayo Clinic. Less frequently, emotional trauma leads to the problem. Delayed childhood development and stress sometimes render a person vulnerable to stuttering. Other risk factors include being male and a family history of the condition.

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