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How do you treat a staphylococcus aureus infection?

A:

Quick Answer

Staphylococcus aureus infections can be treated by antibiotics, wound fluid drainage and device removal. Twenty-five percent of people carry the staphylococcus bacteria in their nose, genital area, anal area or mouth without developing any symptoms, notes WebMD.

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Individuals with conditions such as AIDS, cancer and diabetes are at a greater risk of getting staph infections. Other risk factors associated with contracting these infections include having skin damage, a weak immune system, a respiratory illness, burns and surgical wounds, as well as participating in contact sports.

Doctors often diagnose staph infections by taking the patient's medical history and carrying out a physical examination. They may ask about the symptoms of the condition before taking tissue samples for testing.

Antibiotics usually work effectively in dealing with bacterial infections. In most cases, the doctor may order certain lab tests to determine the exact bacteria causing the infection before choosing an ideal antibiotic, notes Mayo Clinic. Some antibiotics that may be effective include nafcillin and cephalosporins.

In cases where the skin is affected, doctors make an incision into the sore and drain the fluid buildup. This often brings relief to the patient. If the patient's infections are triggered by a device or prosthetic, the doctor may have to remove it immediately. Maintaining high standards of hygiene and keeping wounds covered is key to prevention of staph infections.

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