Treatment options for a spider bite include elevating the affected area, applying ice to the bite and taking medications to relieve pain and reduce itching, as reported by WebMD. These measures help relieve discomfort and prevent infection.
Applying an ice pack to the affected area for 15 to 20 minutes at a time helps relieve swelling, pain and itching. The ice pack should not be used more than once per hour, but it is okay to keep a cool, damp cloth on the bite when the ice pack is not in use. Elevating the affected area also helps relieve swelling, according to WebMD. Hydrocortisone cream, over-the-counter antihistamines and topical benzocaine help relieve itching, keep the swelling down and reduce redness at the site of the bite.
Although many spiders are harmless, anyone who sustains a black widow or brown recluse spider bite should seek medical attention. The female black widow has a dark body and a red hourglass mark on its underside. The symptoms of a black widow bite usually seem minor at first, but stiffness and intense pain set in a few hours later, says Dr. Jorge Parada of the National Pest Management Association. The brown recluse spider is brown and has a mark shaped like a fiddle on its head. After a bite from this type of spider, an enlarging ulcer forms at the site of the bite.