Treatment options for sinusitis include decongestant medications, saline rinses that flush out the nasal cavities and allergy medications that relieve symptoms caused by allergens, explains the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. If the condition is caused by bacteria, antibiotic medications may be prescribed to speed up recovery.
Individuals with sinusitis may also benefit from inhaled steroid medications because the treatment can help minimize inflammation in the nasal passages, explains WebMD. Oral steroids may also be prescribed to those who suffer from chronic sinusitis. Home remedies that minimize congestion and relieve sinus pressure include steam treatments and applying a warm, moistened washcloth to the face. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications may also help relieve pain caused by blocked sinuses.
Sinusitis occurs when the sinuses become irritated and inflamed due to bacteria, fungi or allergies, according to MedlinePlus. Sinusitis symptoms include excessive coughing at night, post-nasal drip, throat irritation and headaches. Individuals with sinusitis may also have a weakened sense of smell and foul breath. Acute sinusitis typically lasts four weeks or less, while chronic sinusitis can last for three months or longer. Risk factors for sinusitis include allergies, a compromised immune system and medical conditions that hinder the function of cilia, which are the minuscule hairs in the sinuses that are essential in pushing mucus out of the nose.