Treatment of sciatica in the buttocks involves home care measures such as taking over-the-counter painkillers, using hot or cold packs, and exercising, states NHS Choices. Some cases require prescription medications or surgery. Many cases of sciatica clear up without treatment.
Sciatica refers to pain that results from irritation of the sciatic nerve, which is the longest nerve in the body. The pain can be mild or painful. A doctor prescribes narcotics, anti-inflammatories, tricyclic antidepressants or muscle relaxants to ease the pain, notes Mayo Clinic. A rehabilitation program under the supervision of a physical therapist helps to prevent recurrent injuries. A doctor recommends surgery if a patient experiences significant weakness or bowel incontinence.