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How do you treat restless legs syndrome?

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Restless legs syndrome is usually treated with specialized medicine, home remedies or changes in a patient's lifestyle, according to Healthline. Healthy habits, such as stretching, exercising and keeping a regular sleeping schedule help relieve patient discomfort. Applying cold or warm compresses to the affected muscles, massaging the lower legs and relaxing in a warm bath can also ease aches and pains due to restless legs syndrome.

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Many prescription drugs, such as opioids, sleep medications, muscle relaxants and medications that increase dopamine levels, can help relieve restless legs syndrome, explains Mayo Clinic. Narcotic drugs, including oxycodone, codeine, combined acetaminophen and hydrocodone, and combined acetaminophen and oxycodone, are some types of opioids that can relieve symptoms. Benzodiazepines help patients sleep better, but these medications can cause daytime drowsiness without removing the leg sensations. Common examples of sleep medications and muscle relaxants include zolpidemn, clonazepam, temazepam, eszopiclone and zaleplon.

Avoiding coffee and other products that contain caffeine, such as chocolate, soft drinks and tea, can help relieve symptoms of restless legs syndrome, according to Mayo Clinic. Because stress and fatigue can worsen restless legs syndrome, learning and practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation can alleviate symptoms. Some patients with restless legs syndrome report that adjusting their schedule and sleeping and waking up later in the day help them practice good sleep hygiene as well.

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