Southern Cross Healthcare Group explains that mild-to-moderate cases of pneumonia are most commonly treated with a mixture of rest, antibiotic treatment, medications to reduce fever symptoms and pain relievers. In more advanced cases, patients with pneumonia must be hospitalized and receive intravenous antibiotic treatment, oxygen therapy, intravenous fluids and physiotherapy.
Pneumonia is most often caused by bacteria and has a high success rate when treated with antibiotics, according to Southern Cross Healthcare Group. Children contract the viral form of pneumonia more often, but antibiotics are still used in these cases with some success. Smokers, alcoholics and people with pre-existing lung conditions are at a much higher risk of contracting pneumonia than most people. This is also true of patients who have recently struggled with a viral infection or are suffering with a suppressed immune system.
Southern Cross Healthcare Group notes that pneumonia often piggybacks on the tails of other infections, such as the common cold or flu. The viral form is slower to progress than the bacterial version, which can affect the body in as little as one day. Symptoms of pneumonia manifest as a bad cough with yellow or green phlegm, a high fever, piercing chest pains, chills and lethargy. It is important to seek medical treatment immediately if a pneumonia infection is suspected.