Piriformis syndrome is treated by taking anti-inflammatory medications, performing physical therapy exercises, icing and heating the area, resting, or undergoing electric therapies, according to WebMD. Some doctors may suggest botox injections to reduce the sciatic nerve pressure.
Deep massage and cortisone injections are other options for patients with inflammation and swelling in the buttocks or hip region, states Dr. Jonathan Cluett of About.com. The treatment regimen for patients varies depending on the amount of pressure that the piriformis tendon places on the sciatic nerve. Patients with severe sciatic nerve compression may need to undergo surgery, but the recovery period can be long. Because piriformis syndrome is difficult to diagnose, the disease is generally found when an individual gets a routine check-up or undergoes a nerve conduction test.
Piriformis syndrome affects mobility and the ability to perform everyday and rigorous activities, such as sports, claims WebMD. An individual with piriformis syndrome experiences difficulty walking and running. Symptoms include pain or numbness in the buttocks region. Piriformis syndrome is different from sciatica, and an MRI can help determine if a patient has one or the other. Piriformis syndrome generally develops if the piriformis tendon experiences extreme stress or pressure, or when it is used for long periods of time without rest.