To treat pelvic pain symptoms, consult a doctor or medical professional to get a diagnosis, and follow his treatment plan, according to WebMD. Depending on the cause, pelvic pain may be treated with medications such as antibiotics or surgery. Causes of pelvic pain include a broken pelvis, bladder disorders, kidney stones, pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis.
Kidney stones are hard rocks caused by a chemical abnormality in the blood or urine, notes Cleveland Clinic. Patients with kidney stones experience severe pain in the side or back and blood in the urine, and are diagnosed with X-ray and ultrasound tests. Treatment for kidney stones involves shock wave lithotripsy to crush the stones, making it easier for the patient to pass them, and in some cases, surgery.
Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection that affects women, and is usually transmitted through sexual contact, explains Cleveland Clinic. Women with the condition experience pain in the lower abdominal area along with nausea, pain during sexual intercourse and irregular periods. Diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease involves a pelvic exam, blood tests, an ultrasound and a biopsy. The condition is treated immediately after diagnosis with antibiotics and in some cases, requires hospitalization.
Endometriosis is another condition that affects women, and occurs when the endometrium tissue grows outside the uterine lining, according to Healthline. The disease commonly arises when menstrual blood flows back through the fallopian tubes, or when areas of the abdomen convert into endometrial tissue. Symptoms of endometriosis include cramps in between the menstrual cycle, discomfort during bowel movements and painful periods. The condition is diagnosed through a pelvic exam, an ultrasound and laparoscopy. Doctors prescribe pain medications, hormonal therapy and hormonal contraceptives to treat the condition, and perform surgery in some cases.