To treat painful gums, use a tartar-control toothpaste and mouthwash that contain fluoride, and rinse your mouth with warm salt water after eating, according to WebMD. If painful gums persist after two weeks of treatment, diagnose the condition with a doctor and follow his treatment plan. Gingivitis, periodontitis and canker sores are three causes of painful gums.
Gingivitis is a type of periodontal disease that occurs when the gums become inflamed, according to MedlinePlus. The condition damages the tissues that support the teeth, leading to bleeding gums, swollen gums and mouth sores. Diagnosis for gingivitis is done at a dentist's office, during which the dentist examines the teeth using a probe. Treatment for the disease involves cleaning the teeth and maintaining oral hygiene.
Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis progresses and the ligaments and bones that support the teeth become inflamed, notes MedlinePlus. Continued inflammation eventually leads to tooth loss and damage to the bones and tissues that surround the teeth. Patients with periodontitis experience loose teeth, swollen gums and gums that are tender to the touch. Diagnosis is made using dental X-rays and a mouth examination, and the disease is treated with a professional tooth cleaning and, in some cases, surgery.
Canker sores are small ulcers that occur in the mouth, causing pain and discomfort while eating, explains Cleveland Clinic. Doctors do not know the exact cause of the condition, but triggers include stress, injury and a reaction to certain foods. Canker sores usually go away on their own with the help of medication to lessen symptoms, but some patients need to use a prescription antibacterial mouth rinse to reduce pain.