Neuritis can be treated with steroid medications and plasma exchange therapy, says Mayo Clinic. In most cases the condition improves on its own. There are also some drugs that can be used to prevent an individual from suffering from multiple sclerosis.
Steroid medications are used to treat swelling in the optic nerve, according to Mayo Clinic. There are side effects to taking such medication, including mood changes, weight gain, insomnia and stomach aches. Steroids are often given through the veins and can aid with speeding up vision recovery. In some cases steroid medication may be used to slow the development or lower the risk of multiple sclerosis.
Plasma exchange therapy is an alternative for neuritis patients who don't respond to steroid medication, notes Mayo Clinic. Medical studies have yet to prove that plasma exchange therapy is actually effective in successfully treating neuritis.
An individual with neuritis who is in danger of developing multiple sclerosis might be prescribed medication if he has brain lesions, says Mayo Clinic. Common drugs used include interferon beta-1a and interferon beta-1b.
When neuritis clears up on its own, the individual often regains his sight within 12 months of the episode, according to Mayo Clinic. An individual with neuromyelitis optica or multiple sclerosis may experience several episodes of neuritis.