Psychotherapy, medication for depression or mood stabilizers, and in severe cases, inpatient psychiatric treatment treat a nervous breakdown, which is a characteristic of depression or mood changes, according to PsychCentral. Relaxation techniques also help individuals cope with the emotional stress and physical ailments of a nervous breakdown.
For people with a confirmed mental illness, doctors base treatment on the symptoms they exhibit rather than treating the nervous breakdown itself, according to PsychCentral. Anti-anxiety medication, accupuncture, chiropractic care and homeopathic relaxation methods are all forms of treatment for both mental illness and a nervous breakdown.
A nervous breakdown is not a technical or medical term that doctors use as a diagnosis, explains PsychCentral. The terms describes patients who experience serious bouts of mental illness that impact their ability to function. Some patients isolate themselves from social situations during a nervous breakdown, whereas others experience physical ailments related to stress. A key symptom of a nervous breakdown includes a disruption in daily routines that may prevent people from getting out of bed, interacting with friends or family members or going to work or school. A person who experiences a nervous breakdown does not necessarily suffer from a mental illness; however, people with anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression or schizophrenia may be more at risk for experiencing a nervous breakdown.