Treatment options for muscle cramps affecting different muscle groups in the body include a hot or cold compress, anti-inflammatory drugs and a prescription muscle relaxer, according to Healthline. Doctors may also suggest treating underlying medical problems to reduce symptoms and spasms.
Use ice, a cold cloth, a heating pad or a warm cloth to relieve muscle cramps as a spasm begins, recommends Healthline. If pain persists, take an ibuprofen or another anti-inflammatory medicine, and stretch the affected muscles slowly.
If you cannot sleep properly due to muscle cramps, contact a doctor, advises Healthline. It is also important to consult a doctor if you experience intense, recurring cramps that cannot be alleviated with stretching. A prescription muscle relaxer is typically prescribed to relax the muscles and relieve spasms. Doctors may also advise taking supplements if the cause of cramps is deficiency in calcium or potassium.
Avoid muscle-straining exercises that can lead to cramps, notes Healthline. Do stretching or warm-up exercises before starting an exercise routine to prevent muscle strain and injury. Drink plenty of liquids, especially while exercising, as the body tends to lose more water during physical activities. Ask a doctor about vitamin supplements that can help you obtain all essential nutrients and minerals. Consume foods rich in calcium and potassium, particularly oranges, milk and bananas.