According to Mayo Clinic, migraines can be treated using over-the-counter pain relievers, prescription medication, massage, meditation and caffeine. Other abortive treatments are designed to work during the migraine’s onset and include changing the surrounding environment whenever possible and relaxation techniques.
WebMD lists prescription medications from the triptan family among its migraine treatments, including Almotriptan, Rizatriptan and Sumatriptan. This family of drugs targets the serotonin receptors to relieve pain, but they do not work on pain in other areas of the body. Midrin, a combination of acetaminophen, isometheptene and dichloralphenazone, is also a migraine treatment. Excedrin Migraine and Advil Migraine are over-the-counter treatment options. These drugs contain various combinations of acetaminophen, ibuprofen, aspirin and caffeine, which can also be used individually to treat migraines. Mayo Clinic notes that when migraines occur with nausea, anti-nausea medication is sometimes prescribed.
Some treatments can be undertaken as soon as migraine warning signs appear. Excessive noise can both trigger and exacerbate migraines, so Mayo Clinic advises moving to a dark room to rest. Massaging the affected area can help minimize the pain, and hot or cold compresses can be used on the head or neck area. A caffeinated beverage may stave off a migraine as can caffeine taken in pill form.
According to Mayo Clinic, recurring migraines are treated with anti-depressants, botox injections, cardiovascular drugs and steroids. These drugs are taken as a preventative measure, and they can be used in parallel with pain medications.