Medication, surgery and lifestyle changes are treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia, one of the most common causes of urinary problems in men, especially those over age 40, according to Mayo Clinic. BPH causes swelling of the prostate that slows the flow of urine from the bladder.
Alpha blockers are one of the classes of medication used in treating BPH. Mayo Clinic indicates alpha blockers work best if the prostate is still small. They help by reducing muscles in the neck of the bladder and muscle fibers in the prostate so that it is easier for urine to pass. Alpha blockers generally provide quick relief.
While requiring up to six months to show improvement, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are a second medical option, according to Mayo Clinic. This medication prevents hormonal changes that cause growth of the prostate. In some cases, it is beneficial to combine 5-alpha reductase inhibitors with alpha blockers.
Mayo Clinic indicates that surgical options for BPH range from minimally invasive procedures to the open prostatectomy. One of the minimally invasive procedures involves inserting a scope through the urethra to remove sections of the prostate and restore urine flow.
Many BPH patients benefit from lifestyle changes. Mayo Clinic recommends limiting caffeine and alcohol consumption. Following a schedule for urination helps train the individual to void the bladder completely each time he goes to the bathroom.