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How do you treat immune deficiencies?

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Immune deficiencies are treated with immunoglobulin therapy or gamma interferon therapy, according to Mayo Clinic. Immunoglobulin therapy involves introducing antibody proteins the immune system needs to fight infections into a person's body, while gamma interferon therapy uses a similar method to introduce interferons, which are naturally occurring substances that stimulate the immune system and fight viruses.

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Another possible treatment method for people with immune deficiencies is growth factors, states Mayo Clinic. If the cause of a person's immune deficiency is caused by a lack of certain kinds of white blood cells, growth factors may help the body produce more of them. Additionally, many patients have to take antibiotics until their immune system is capable of functioning on its own. At times, doctors may recommend long-term antibiotic usage to prevent any possible future infections.

Stem cell transplantation is another method of treating immune deficiencies, according to Mayo Clinic. Oftentimes, this treatment option provides a permanent solution to a person's immune disorder. The process involves transferring stem cells from a donor into the patient in order to get her immune system functioning properly. However, the stem cells must be a close match, and even with a close match, the therapy doesn't always work. This type of treatment also requires the destruction of a patient's functioning immune cells, either by chemotherapy radiation, which could potentially leave a patient more vulnerable than when she first started the treatment.

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