To treat hot water burns, or liquid scald burns, place the affected area under running, cool, tap water for around 10 to 20 minutes, instructs WebMD. Check for other possible injuries, and remove clothing and accessories around the burn.
Do not remove fabric that is sticking to the burned area, and be careful when cutting around the clothing to get rid of loose fabric, notes WebMD. If the burn is severe, see a doctor immediately after applying first-aid treatment. Prepare for a doctor’s evaluation by covering the burn with a clean piece of cloth to prevent infection. Avoid applying any ointment or topical medication to enable the doctor to examine the burn properly. Refrain from using ice or butter when treating liquid scald burns to avoid damaging the skin tissue.
For minor burns, physicians recommend further home treatment, such as placing cold cloths on affected regions, taking cold showers and applying lotions with aloe vera content to alleviate pain and swelling, states WebMD. Doctors also recommend using 0.5 percent hydrocortisone cream.
As minor burns are typically painful, it may help to take pain relievers, says WebMD. Nonprescription medications include acetaminophen, aspirin and nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Individuals younger than 20 years old should not take aspirin without consulting a doctor.