Treatment for hoarseness includes resting the voice, taking cough suppressants and stopping smoking, as stated by MedicineNet. A humidifier is helpful, and in extreme cases when an underlying infection is present, a doctor can prescribe antibiotics. Hoarseness often resolves on its own.
Overuse generally causes hoarseness, an abnormal change in the voice giving it a raspy or harsh quality, according to MedicineNet. Treatment involves resting the voice. Irritation of the vocal cords causes most hoarse voices. Acute laryngitis, a common cause for hoarseness, requires resting the voice to avoid vocal cord hemorrhaging. An upper respiratory tract infection can cause hoarseness, but in most cases, the infection improves on its own. In extreme cases, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
Stopping smoking is recommended for people to alleviate hoarseness, as noted by MedicineNet. Doctors treat gastroesophageal reflux and allergies, underlying conditions that can cause hoarseness, with medications.
There are instances when surgery is necessary to correct hoarseness, including nodules or polyps on the vocal cords, cancer of the larynx and trauma to the larynx or vocal cords, as advised by MedicineNet. In some instances, a doctor inserts a fiber optic scope into the throat to identify the cause of the hoarseness. Thyroid and neurological conditions can also cause hoarseness of the throat.