Treatment of high blood pressure involves a number of lifestyle modifications, such as maintaining a healthy body weight, managing stress, quitting smoking, getting regular exercise and limiting alcohol consumption. While prescription medications may also be necessary, these changes to the lifestyle are a must, notes the American Heart Association.
Reducing salt is an important element in the lifestyle changes that many people make to treat their high blood pressure. Keeping weight at a healthy level and enjoying regular exercise go hand in hand, as activity burns calories, and consumption of fewer calories creates a deficit that leads to weight loss. Taken together, the lifestyle modifications often reduce a patient's blood pressure without making prescription drugs necessary. High blood pressure does not have a cure, but it is possible to manage this condition, as stated by the American Heart Association.
More than 20 percent of people suffering from high blood pressure do not know they have the condition. Because high blood pressure does not always present symptoms, those who live with high blood pressure for an extended time can suffer from serious health consequences. Testing at an annual physical (or beforehand) is crucial for people who do not receive regular examinations. If the blood pressure comes back at 140/90 or higher, the doctor is likely to prescribe medication. For those between 120/80 and 140/90, lifestyle modifications are likely the first level of treatment, according to the American Heart Association.