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How do you treat high ammonia levels?

A:

Quick Answer

To treat high ammonia levels, diagnose the cause of the condition with a doctor, and follow the doctor's prescribed treatment plan, recommends LabTestsOnline. High ammonia levels can be caused by acute illnesses, Reye's syndrome, certain drugs, an inherited urea cycle enzyme deficiency and hemolytic disease of the newborn.

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Full Answer

Reye's syndrome is a disease that harms the brain and the liver, notes Cleveland Clinic. Patients with the disease have increased pressure in the brain and fat buildup in various organs. The disease comes in two stages, with a viral infection typically being the first phase. Symptoms of Reye's syndrome include vomiting, personality changes and loss of consciousness. There is no cure for the condition, but its symptoms are treatable if it is diagnosed in its early stage. Treatment for the condition involves glucose solutions and monitoring.

An inherited urea cycle enzyme deficiency is a genetic condition in which the body lacks the enzymes that remove ammonia from the blood, explains the National Urea Cycle Disorders Foundation. If ammonia is not filtered from the blood, it reaches the brain and causes irreversible brain damage and death. There are several variations of this disorder, with some types having more mild symptoms. Dietary changes and medications are used to treat the deficiency.

Hemolytic disease of the newborn is a life-threatening blood disorder that occurs in infants, according to MedlinePlus. The causes of this condition include ABO and Rh incompatibilities between a mother and child. When a child is born with the disorder, his blood cells begin to die quickly, producing symptoms such as jaundice and edema. The condition is treated with medications and fluids to alleviate symptoms.

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