Doctors recommend hematoma treatment depending on the symptoms, location and health situation, explains RxList. Some cases do not need treatment, while others are a medical emergency. Patients can treat mild cases with rest, ice, compression and elevating the affected part. Treatment is not necessary for hematomas that do not cause symptoms, while symptomatic ones require medical or surgical treatment.
Commonly known as RICE, rest, ice, compression and elevating the area helps ease the symptoms and inflammation, notes RxList. Applying ice for 20 minutes four to eight times a day is helpful. Patients can use an elastic bandage to compress the injured area. Elevating the affected part above the level of the heart is necessary. There is no particular medication for hematomas, but pain relievers such as acetaminophen can help relieve the pain.
A neurosurgeon drains a subdural hematoma that shows symptoms, such as confusion, weakness or a headache, says RxList. However, if the hematoma does not cause any symptoms, it may only require monitoring. Patients with a subungual hematoma that causes severe pain also require draining. For hematomas that occur due to underlying issues, treatment of the cause helps ease the hematoma. Those taking blood-thinning drugs such as warfarin may need to stop using or reverse the drug depending on their condition.