To treat gingivitis, a professional dentist or dental hygienist needs to clean your teeth and gums, according to Mayo Clinic. Good oral hygiene is necessary after the professional cleaning to reverse the gingivitis and keep it from coming back. Your dentist may provide you with an at-home regimen that includes proper brushing and flossing and using antiseptic mouthwash.
Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease, according to the American Academy of Periodontology, and causes the gums to become red, swollen and bleed easily. The condition is typically caused by improper oral hygiene, which encourages plaque to build up around the gum line.
Other factors that can increase the chance of developing gingivitis include misaligned teeth, uncontrolled diabetes, hormonal changes during pregnancy, certain infections and the use of certain medications, according to MedlinePlus.
To reverse gingivitis, your dentist or dental hygienist may perform a procedure known as scaling to remove extensive plaque and tartar build up, according to Mayo Clinic. Your dentists may recommend dental procedures to fix any misaligned teeth or fill cavities that can make proper oral hygiene difficult.
To prevent gingivitis from coming back, Mayo Clinic recommends getting regular professional dental cleanings, flossing daily, using an electric toothbrush, and brushing your teeth after every meal or snack.