If uterine fibroids are the cause of an enlarged uterus, treatments include a procedure called embolism, the removal of the uterus lining, and eliminating fibroids through surgery, freezing them or using electricity, according to WebMD. If adenomyosis is the reason for the enlarged uterus, treatment is usually unnecessary.
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors that grow on the muscular wall of the uterus, notes WebMD. They are very common and affect approximately 80 percent of women by the age of 50. Uterine fibroids range in size from extremely small to weighing multiple pounds. When fibroids cause an enlarged uterus, symptoms such as constipation, frequent urination and feeling pressure or fullness in the lower abdomen may occur. Some women may experience painful periods that last longer than usual, pain during intercourse or pregnancy complications.
If uterine fibroids cause symptoms, a doctor may perform an embolism, which cuts off the blood supply from the fibroids so that they eventually go away, states WebMD. Some uterine fibroids may need to be removed through surgery, electricity or freezing.
Adenomyosis is a growth that causes the uterus to thicken, according to WebMD. Adenomyosis is very common, and most women do not require treatment. A doctor may prescribe medications to reduce pain and bleeding. A hysterectomy may be necessary in some severe cases involving young women.