Eczema on the face can be treated with a variety of medicines, such as 1 percent hydrocortisone creams and antihistamines, according to WebMD. Phototherapy is another common method of treating the condition.
Typically, most doctors find that a combination of treatments is most effective at treating eczema flare-ups, states WebMD. These can include a combination of hydrocortisone creams and moisturisers as well as creams that contain corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and antihistamines to control itching. If none of those treatments prove effective, the FDA has approved two drugs known as topical immunomodulators. These two drugs, Elidel and Protopic, work by altering the way the body's immune system handles the response to eczema flare-ups. However, doctors and patients should be aware that there a possible cancer risk associated with their use and they should only be used for short periods of time.
Phototherapy is simply a means of treating eczema with light, according to the National Eczema Foundation. During a treatment, a machine shines a special wavelength of light on the effected site. The light then causes a number of benefits, such as reducing itching and inflammation, increasing production of vitamin D, and helping to increase the body's ability to fight off bacteria. However, while phototherapy is considered very safe, there is an increased risk of burns, increased aging and skin cancer when using the treatment over long periods of time.