Treatment of ear fungus requires regular cleaning, which requires painkillers, along with keeping the ear dry and the use of anti-fungal eardrops, according to Patient.co.uk. In people with healthy immune systems, the condition generally resolves with proper treatment, but the there is a strong chance of the fungal infection returning.
A fungal ear infection is very likely to return if the conditions that encouraged the initial infection continue, says Patient.co.uk. Fungal ear infections are more likely to occur in hot and humid environments, such as the tropics and subtropical regions. Injuries to the ear canal, most frequently caused by cotton swabs or hearing aids, also increase the risk of infection. Earwax is protective against both bacteria and fungus in the ears, so aquatic sports, such as swimming and surfing, which remove earwax, increase the risk of fungal ear infection. Eczema or prior ear surgeries also increase risk.
A fungal ear infection has symptoms of inflammation, scaly skin, severe pain and severe itching, according to Patient.co.uk. The outer layer of the skin of the ear is often shed as masses of debris that include fungal hyphae and pus. Relatively large amounts of pus discharge is more common than with other types of ear infections.