E. coli in the urinary tract is a common type of urinary tract infection, or UTI, and doctors generally treat this infection with one of a wide variety of antibiotics. However, some strains of E. coli are resistant to most antibiotics and require specific treatments such as fosfomycin and nitrofurantoin, according to Everyday Health. Doctors may also prescribe an analgesic that numbs the bladder and urethra. If left untreated, UTIs can lead to kidney infection and damage, warns Mayo Clinic.
Foreign bacteria gaining access to the urinary tract via the urethra and reproducing causes urinary tract infections. Because of their anatomy, women experience more urinary tract infections than men, Everyday Health notes. UTI symptoms include cloudy, red, pink or cola-colored urine, pelvic pain, a constant need to urinate, and pain while urinating, explains Mayo Clinic.
Women who use spermicides or diaphragms, have a new sexual partner, or have reached menopause are at a higher risk for UTIs. Risk factors for men and women include kidney stones or an improperly formed urinary tract. In men, an enlarged prostate is also a risk factor. To prevent urinary tract infections, individuals should ingest fluids, wipe from front to back, urinate after sex, avoid the aforementioned types of birth control, and not use feminine products that irritate the urethra, according to Mayo Clinic.