The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services explains that blood sugar control is the first step to treating diabetic leg pain. In order to effectively control blood glucose levels, meal planning, exercise, insulin or other diabetic medications and close monitoring are necessary. Diabetic leg pain, commonly called diabetic neuropathy, is damage to the nerves due to blood glucose levels being high for long periods of time suggests MedicineNet.
Other lifestyle changes may be needed states Mayo Clinic, such as avoiding alcohol and quitting smoking. Also, avoiding pressure on the painful areas for long periods of time and massaging will also help relieve pain.
Mayo Clinic also notes that many types of medication such as anti-seizure drugs, antidepressants, opiods and lidocaine patches may help. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services points out that two medications, duloxetine and pregabalin are FDA approved especially to treat diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Furthermore, they offer a list of alternative options such as capsaicin cream, alpha-lipoic acid and evening primrose oil. Additionally, physical therapy, acupuncture, biofeedback, electrical nerve stimulation, magnetic therapy and laser or light therapy may help relieve pain in some people. A combination of medication and treatment is often the most successful way of coping with diabetic leg pain, and it must be done under medical supervision.