A variety of plant foods, as well as such supplements as coenzyme Q10, vanadium, magnesium, ginseng and chromium are natural treatments used to treat diabetes. Acupuncture, biofeedback and guided imagery are alternative treatments that some patients use as well, as stated by WebMD.
Coenzyme Q10, also known as CoQ10, acts like a vitamin in the body, performing antioxidant functions and facilitating energy creation. Seafood and meats contain CoQ10 as well. This supplement has not controlled blood sugar in testing. Vanadium appears in animals and plants, and research shows that it normalizes blood sugar in diabetic animals. Recent studies found that vanadium increases insulin sensitivity, lowering dosage requirements, notes WebMD.
Magnesium deficiency can exacerbate blood sugar control problems in diabetics, as the pancreas cannot secrete insulin as easily. The body's tissues also build up resistance to insulin. Taking magnesium supplements and in diet can reverse those trends and even reduce risk of developing type 2 diabetes. American ginseng has shown the ability to lower blood sugar levels, but as of 2015, those effects are still under study, according to WebMD.
Chromium is necessary to make glucose tolerance factor, which improves the function of insulin, and some studies indicate that chromium supplementation improves control of diabetes. Biofeedback and guided imagery therapy are designed to give the patient greater awareness of his body and the ability to use mental imagery to control mood and physical sensations, states WebMD.