Treatment for chronic sacroiliac joint inflammation includes rest, applying heating pads or ice packs to the lower back, pain medications and massage, reports MedlinePlus. Other options are injections, physical therapy and stabilizing sacroiliac belts, adds MedicineNet. If other treatments fail and pain continues, surgery may be necessary.
Sacroiliac inflammation and pain may occur due to pregnancy, arthritis, wearing away of the cartilage layer covering bones, discrepancy in leg lengths, or injuries, explains MedlinePlus. Curtailing activity that aggravates pain provides some relief. Non-prescription pain relievers that may help include acetaminophen, ibuprofen and naproxen, but patients should take care not to exceed recommended doses. Injections directly into the joint sometimes provide long-term relief, but doctors must limit them to once per month and a maximum of three per year, cautions MedicineNet. Sacroiliac belts brace the hips during activity to help stabilize the joints.
Physical therapists are able to help patients with stabilizing and stretching exercises to alleviate pain, according to MedicineNet. Other therapies that help stabilize sacroiliac joints are Pilates and yoga. During surgery, doctors take away the cartilage around sacroiliac joints and bind the bones with screws and plates so they fuse together. Because this eliminates joint motion, it usually alleviates the inflammation and pain. Although patients cannot always prevent sacroiliac joint inflammation and pain, as it is a normal part of aging, overall fitness and healthy body weight reduce its impact.