Treatment of chickenpox involves using nonaspirin medications to reduce fever, using calamine lotion and colloidal oatmeal baths to relieve itching, and trimming fingernails short to reduce the risk of skin infections caused by scratching, states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Anti-viral medication may be prescribed for certain patients.
Some people who develop chickenpox, including individuals over 12 years of age, pregnant women and individuals with a weak immune system, require the care of a doctor because they are at risk for serious complications, explains the CDC. Contacting a doctor is advised if any person with chickenpox experiences confusion, stiff neck, difficulty walking, breathing problems or a fever lasting more than four days. Symptoms of bacterial skin infection, which include skin that is red, warm, tender or draining pus, also require a doctor's care.
Chickenpox, a disease caused by the varicella zoster virus, is very contagious and spreads through coughing, sneezing, touching or inhaling the virus contained in chickenpox blisters, according to the CDC. Common symptoms of chickenpox include fever, fatigue and red, itchy blisters. Chickenpox can be prevented by receiving two doses of the chickenpox vaccine, which is available for children and adults. Vaccinated individuals may still get chickenpox, but they typically experience milder symptoms.