To treat bruises and contusions, elevate the affected area and apply ice or a cold damp cloth to it for 10 to 15 minutes. Avoid direct contact with ice by wrapping it with a towel to eliminate the risk of tissue damage. Repeat the process a number of times a day for 24 to 48 hours depending on the severity of the bruise, advises Mayo Clinic.
Resting the bruised area facilitates heal and in case of pain, consider taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen to alleviate swelling, according to Mayo Clinic. In case swelling continues or becomes increasingly painful, consult a doctor. A medical checkup is also important when bruises appear for unexplainable reasons, when a patient bruises easily and tends to bleed significantly, when a lump appears over the contusion, or when pain fails to subside days after a minor injury.
Beware of bruising that begins suddenly in an individual who does not have a family history of bruising since this may be an indication of other severe problems such as blood-related diseases, cautions Mayo Clinic. Promote healing on the affected area by applying a heat pact consisting of a warm damp cloth a number of times a day. The swelling and pain should subside in a few days and the contusion should heal within a few weeks, states WebMD.