Bleeding hemorrhoids can be treated in a variety of ways at home using over-the-counter medications and corrective diet. At-home treatment and preventative measures can provide immediate relief and fast recovery.
Hemorrhoids are inflamed veins in the rectum, colon and perineal area. When muscles in the perineal area put strain on the delicate veins of the perineum, the veins bulge, causing itchy, painful inflammation in the vein and surrounding tissue. Occasionally, the sensitive tissue bleeds. According to Harvard.edu, the fastest ways to heal bleeding hemorrhoids are to eat a diet high in fiber, hydrate well, exercise and allow time for bowel movements. Each of these contributes to healthy digestion and reduced strain during a bowel movement.
To reduce swelling, use ice packs on the affected area, and do not sit or stand for long periods of time. The Mayo Clinic recommends using over-the-counter pain killers and a hemorrhoid relief cream such as Preparation H. Creams should be applied after the rectum has been thoroughly cleaned using a sitz bath, an alcohol and fragrance-free wet wipe or damp toilet paper. Dry toilet paper should not be used on the affected area, and wet paper or wipes should be used to dab the area. Wiping may cause further irritation and increase bleeding. If conditions do not improve within a week, seek medical attention.