Treat bladder pain with prescription or over-the-counter pain relievers, surgery, dietary changes, nerve stimulation and bladder distention, states WebMD. The method of treatment depends on the cause of the bladder pain. For instance, bladder pain from a urinary tract infection needs treatment with antibiotics.
There are several treatment options for pain associated with interstitial cystitis or chronic inflammation of the bladder, as explained by WebMD. Immunosuppressants, seizure medications and antidepressants can relieve pain, while aspirin or ibuprofen are appropriate for less severe cases. Medical professionals can also insert medications into the bladder through a catheter, a process called bladder instillation. Sometimes distending or filling the bladder with liquid helps to relieve pain as it stretches the bladder walls. Pelvic floor exercises and bladder retraining are two methods that strengthen the bladder and other muscles involved with urination to help decrease pain.
If bladder cancer causes bladder pain, surgery, chemotherapy or intravesical therapy provide pain management, advises WebMD. Intravesical therapy trains the immune system to attack the cancer cells. Chemotherapy and surgery can both remove the tumor causing the pain; however, if the cancer is more widespread, the doctor may remove part or all of the bladder, a process called radical cystectomy.