Treatments for Baker's knee, also referred to as a Baker's cyst, include corticosteroid injections to minimize pain and inflammation, needle aspiration treatments to remove fluid and ice therapy to minimize swelling, according to Mayo Clinic. The condition often resolves on its own without treatment.
If a Baker's cyst is the result of an underlying condition such as damaged cartilage or arthritis, treating the underlying issue can often remedy the cyst, explains Healthline. However, individuals with arthritis may experience recurring cysts that may require surgical removal. Compression wraps and crutches may also help to minimize pain.
A Baker's cyst occurs when the fluid that is naturally present in the knee joint builds up in the tissue sacs located in the back of the knee, explains WebMD. The condition can be caused by injuries and is common in individuals with arthritic conditions such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms of a Baker's cyst include a tight or stiff sensation behind the knee, swelling in the back of the knee and pain in the calf. Individuals may also experience pain when bending or straightening the knee. In certain cases, Baker's cysts can rupture, which leads to fluid drainage into the lower leg tissues. Individuals with ruptured cysts may experience swelling and inflammation in the lower leg.