How do you treat asthma?


Quick Answer

There are various treatments for asthma, including bronchodilator asthma inhalers, anti-inflammatory steroid medications and oral medications that are delivered via a breathing machine or nebulizer. Since there is no cure for asthma, treatment involves controlling asthma symptoms, reducing the need for quick-relief medications, maintaining good lung function and preventing asthma attacks. Ideally, asthma control allows the asthma sufferer to enjoy normal activity levels and sleep patterns, as stated by the National Institutes of Health's National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, or NHLBI.

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Full Answer

Those suffering from asthma should have an asthma action plan in place, based on recommendation from the treating physician. This plan details daily treatments, including medications that must be taken and at what intervals. The plan should also detail when a doctor should be called or emergency treatment sought. Avoid asthma triggers as part of an asthma control plan, such as avoiding going outdoors when the pollen level is high, or being around pets if fur is a trigger, as recommended by the NHLBI.

Medicines for controlling asthma over the long term may also be recommended. Inhaled corticosteroids, nebulizer medication and injectable medications may be used in conjunction with immediate relief treatments to completely manage the condition, as mentioned by the NHLBI.

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