Treatment for apraxia requires speech and occupational therapy, which often includes slowing down a person's speech, learning mouth movements through many repetitions of sounds and teaching other communication techniques, says MedlinePlus. People with apraxia require a relaxed environment and patience from those around them, and most people with apraxia will not be able to return to a fully independent existence. Those with apraxia should avoid activities that have a substantial risk of physical injury.
Instruction by speech and occupational therapists must be extended both to the person with apraxia and their long-term caregivers, says MedlinePlus. People with apraxia have special needs that those who interact with them regularly must prepare for. Apraxia is the inability to activate and coordinate the correct muscle movements for a movement or task, even when the nature of the task is understood, they are physically able to perform it, and they have previously learned any necessary skills. These movements can include the muscle movements necessary for using verbal language. Other examples include remembering to put on socks before putting on shoes or problems with precise movements such as buttoning a shirt.
The most common causes of apraxia are brain damage due to neurodegenerative illness, stroke, a brain tumor, dementia or a traumatic brain injury, explains MedlinePlus. Apraxia can also be present from birth due to developmental problems.