Trace mitral insufficiency is very mild leaking around the mitral valve, explains Mayo Clinic, and mild tricuspid insufficiency is leaking around the tricuspid valve of the heart, notes MedlinePlus. The leaking occurs because the valves do not close properly, allowing blood to flow backward.
Symptoms of mitral insufficiency vary depending on how severe the condition is and how quickly it progresses, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients may notice fatigue, shortness of breath, cough, palpitations, and swollen feet or ankles, and doctors may identify a heart murmur during a physical exam. Patients with mild mitral insufficiency typically do not require treatment but usually require regular evaluations of the condition. More severe cases of mitral insufficiency sometimes warrant treatment with medications, dietary changes, or surgical valve repair or replacement.
Tricuspid insufficiency is usually caused by an enlarged right ventricle in the heart, which may result from high blood pressure in the lungs, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or infections that affect the heart, states MedlinePlus. Symptoms of tricuspid insufficiency may include pulsing in the neck veins, decreased urination, swelling and weakness. Doctors sometimes detect a heart murmur, liver and spleen swelling or fluid build up in the abdomen when they perform a physical exam. Treatment options for tricuspid insufficiency may include medications or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition and symptoms.