There are numerous topical corticosteroid drugs, including betamethasone valerate, desonide, fluocinonide, hydrocortisone and triamcinolone, reports Pharmacy Times. The form of delivery can alter the medicine’s potency.
Many forms of topical corticosteroids are available in cream, gel, foam, spray and ointment, explains MedicineNet. While ointments are oily, they have the least risk of causing irritation when applied to skin, notes the National Eczema Association. Topical corticosteroids treat skin conditions such as dermatitis, eczema, itching, psoriasis and rashes. The medicine works by stifling the immune’s reaction and treating the skin with its anti-inflammatory properties. Topical corticosteroid may cause side effects of the skin, including burning, dryness, irritation and redness, according to MedicineNet.