The top treatments for a mass on the adrenal gland are observation without surgery, laparoscopic removal of the adrenal glands and surgical removal of the mass, according to the University of Southern California. The treatment for a mass on the adrenal gland most often depends on whether or not the mass is cancerous.
The symptoms of masses on the adrenal glands include an excess production of aldosterone, catecholamines and steroid hormones. This can lead to Cushing's syndrome, Conn's syndrome and pheochromocytoma.
When the mass on the adrenal gland is non-cancerous, the doctor will check to see whether or not the mass is affecting the way that the adrenal gland operates. In some cases, the mass does not affect the adrenal gland and it is able to function at the highest level. In other cases, the mass pushes the adrenal gland to produce too many hormones and that can lead to life-threatening complications, as reported by Yale School of Medicine. In these cases, the mass must be removed.
When the mass on the adrenal gland is cancerous, the doctor will determine the best way to remove the mass or to remove the adrenal gland. Many times, it is not possible to remove the mass without removing the adrenal gland, as stated by the University of Southern California. Most adrenal tumors are found on the medulla or cortex areas of the adrenal gland.