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What are some of the top causes of elevated liver enzymes?

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Quick Answer

Some of the top causes of elevated liver enzymes include a fatty liver, chronic hepatitis B, alcoholic hepatitis and certain medications, according to MedicineNet. Mild elevation of liver enzymes is common and often occurs in healthy individuals.

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Fatty liver is a common condition that occurs when there is a buildup of fats in the liver, notes Healthline. The condition develops when the body metabolizes fat too slowly or creates too much of it, usually due to alcoholism. Other causes of fatty liver include toxins, metabolic disorders and certain drugs. Patients with fatty liver experience few to no symptoms, which include abdominal discomfort, fatigue and an enlarged liver.

Chronic hepatitis B occurs due to a viral infection that transmits through sexual contact, from mother to child and through contact with contaminated blood, explains Mayo Clinic. The condition can lead to cirrhosis of the liver and liver failure, which causes symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, appetite loss, weight loss and a rash on the palms, explains MedicineNet.

Alcohol abuse causes alcoholic hepatitis, and it results in liver inflammation, according to Healthline. Patients who continue to drink alcohol with this condition experience cirrhosis of the liver and liver failure. Symptoms of alcohol hepatitis vary depending on the amount of liver damage and include dry mouth, nausea, weight loss, jaundice and abdominal pain.

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