Melanoma in the toenail region is surgically removed by making an incision that is wide and deep enough to completely remove the cancerous growth. The excision may remove part or all of the toenail, according to DermNet NZ.Continue Reading
Before doing surgery, the doctor usually performs a biopsy on the affected toe, according to UC San Francisco General Surgery. A sample of the melanoma is removed for medical diagnosis. Sometimes the biopsy removes the entire growth and no further surgery is needed. For serious cases, the doctor informs the patient about the results of the biopsy and recommends a more extensive surgical procedure.
Surgical removal often requires taking off the entire toenail. The doctor uses surgical tools to get rid of as much of the cancerous melanoma growth as possible, with severity of treatment done according to the melanoma's stage of malignancy. There are cases when it is necessary to amputate part of the toe. Amputation is done when the cancer has severely impacted the toe.
Toe melanoma can spread to other areas of the body, in particular, the lymph nodes, skin tissue, brain, lungs and organs. When there is confirmation of it spreading beyond the toe, additional treatment remedies are recommended. Patients may undergo chemotherapy, biological therapy, photodynamic therapy or radiation treatment, according to the National Cancer Institute. In some cases, experimental treatments are tried with patient consent.Learn more about Health
A dark streak beneath the nail, an elevated nail bed, separation of the nail from the bed, malformation of the nail, and darkened skin adjacent to the nail are signs of toenail melanoma, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Biopsy is the only way to diagnose the condition.Full Answer >
Laparoscopic hernia surgery is like other laparoscopic procedures, where the surgeon gives general anesthesia to the patient and makes a tiny incision in or below the navel, according to WebMD. The surgeon enlarges the abdomen with air so she can view the patient’s abdominal organs more clearly.Full Answer >
While traditional surgery remains to be a popular and effective treatment, the laser approach is more precise in the incision, capsulotomy and astigmatic correction procedure involved in cataract removal. The femtosecond laser technology brings an elevated level of safety, accuracy and advancement to cataract surgery, according to AllAboutVision.com.Full Answer >
Nonsurgical or chemical removal of a nail infected with fungus occurs when the nail is hypertrophic, experiencing abnormal growth, or when there is a severe fungal infection. In cases where a large portion of the nail is affected, surgical removal may occur, says WebMD.Full Answer >