According to both the Cleveland Clinic and the National Institute of Health, when a person shows heart attack symptoms, he or she can be treated with aspirin, "clot buster" meds, oxygen therapy, pain medication and nitroglycerin. If it is suspected that someone is experiencing a heart attack, 911 should be called immediately.
While some symptoms of a heart attack are unmistakable, some can be associated with other ailments. Mayo Clinic lists some of the more common heart attack symptoms:
- Shortness of breath
- Stomach or abdominal discomfort, such as nausea, heartburn or indigestion
- Dizziness or a lightheaded feeling
- Tightness, pressure or a squeezing sensation in the chest that may extend to the arms, neck or jaw
If a heart attack is suspected, it is important to contact emergency personnel immediately. While on the phone with dispatch, they may instruct the person be given a low-dose aspirin. The National Institute of Health states this will help thin the blood.
Once rescue personnel arrives, there are different treatments they might administer. "Clot buster" medicine, for example, help dissolve blood clots, which may be inhibiting blood flow to the heart. Oxygen therapy is administered via a face mask and helps the body function better while under stress. Pain medicine help with the discomfort associated with a heart attack, while nitroglycerine helps to improve blood flow through the arteries.