Some tips for thoracic back pain relief include taking over-the-counter pain medications, applying heat or ice, going to physical therapy and undertaking regular exercises, says WebMD. Other things that may help relieve the pain include massage, spinal manipulation and acupuncture. If the pain worsens, doctors recommend medications, such as antidepressants, muscle relaxants, prescription drugs and steroid shots. Surgery may be necessary if other treatment options fail to contain the pain.
Over-the-counter drugs, such as acetaminophen, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Aleve and Advil, help to reduce the pain, notes WebMD. However, they do not alleviate the pain, so it may be necessary to take stronger prescription drugs. Applying heat or ice eases stiffness and reduces pain. Regular exercises help to strengthen the muscles of the shoulders and back. Going to physical therapy improves balance, strength and flexibility.
For severe pain, steroid injections help to ease swelling and reduce pressure on the nerves, states WebMD. Muscle relaxants improve mobility while reducing pain and muscle tension in the back. Some cases may require a back brace to support the bones in the spine following a fracture. If other forms of treatment fail, a doctor may recommend surgeries, such as spinal decompression, herniated disc removal or kyphoplasty.