A woman prepares for a colposcopy or cervical biopsy by first having a consultation with her medical provider, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. During this consultation, she lets her doctor know whether she is pregnant or may be pregnant and lists the drugs, vitamins or supplements she's taking. She also tells the doctor if she's allergic to anesthesia or other substances and if she has any health issues that may complicate the procedure.
The patient signs a consent form, and the doctor tells her whether she needs to fast before the procedure, says Johns Hopkins Medicine. This depends on whether or not she is having anesthesia. She may also need to stop taking medications a while before the biopsy or the colposcopy.
The patient should avoid placing anything in her vagina at least 24 hours before the treatment, says Johns Hopkins Medicine. This includes tampons, creams or douches. She should also refrain from sex for at least 24 hours before the treatment. Her doctor may tell her to take a pain medicine about a half hour or so before the treatment.
The doctor may also give the patient a sedative before administering any anesthesia, claims Johns Hopkins Medicine. She should also bring a sanitary napkin with her on the day of the treatment, as some post-operative bleeding is to be expected. The patient should arrange to have someone drive her home afterwards.