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What are some tips for managing pre-eclampsia?

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Quick Answer

Tips for managing pre-eclampsia include bed rest while lying on the left side, taking medication to decrease blood pressure and steroid injection to accelerate the development of the baby's lungs. Other tips are frequent ultrasounds, medication to prevent eclampsia-related seizures such as magnesium injections and observing the fetal heart rate, according to WebMD.

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Pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of premature births. It also causes birth complications such as hearing and visual impairment, learning disabilities, cerebral palsy, and epilepsy. Additionally, it causes low birth weight because it limits the blood supply to the placenta. Complications to expectant mothers include heart failure, reversible blindness, a bleeding liver, seizure and stroke. Pre-eclampsia causes placental abruption that leads to stillbirths, according to WebMD.

Corticosteroids improve liver and platelet function, hence prolonging pregnancy in a case of severe pre-eclampsia. A low volume of amniotic fluid indicates poor blood supply to the fetus. Doctors induce labor when pre-eclampsia is diagnosed near the end of a pregnancy. Blood pressure normalizes 12 weeks after delivery. Pre-eclampsia patients require frequent nonstress tests and blood tests, according Mayo Clinic.

Reducing blood pressure quickly reduces the blood supply to the placenta. Therefore, doctors only prescribe medication when blood pressure levels threaten the life of the fetus, says WebMD.

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