Some tips for infection control include washing hands frequently, using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer and covering the nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing. Other tips include avoiding people who appear sick and cleaning surfaces exposed to germs, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Washing hands after going to the bathroom or covering the mouth during coughing and sneezing can eliminate the spread of germs that cause respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. When washing the hands, five steps are suggested for optimal results. Wet and lather the hands, and then scrub, rinse and dry. If a person is unable to wash her hands, she should use an alcohol-based sanitizer, according to the CDC.