The tips of the fingers may peel as a result of direct damage or injury to the skin; sunburn; or infection, according to Mayo Clinic. Peeling skin could also be a sign of a disease or an immune system disorder.
Environmental elements such as heat, humidity, wind and sun exposure can damage and irritate skin on the fingertips, which leads to peeling, explains Mayo Clinic. An allergic reaction may also cause a rash to develop and skin to peel when it is exposed to components a person is allergic to such as fabrics, latex, detergents, cosmetics or even food.
Infections, such as staph or fungal ailments including ringworm, athlete's foot and jock itch, often cause skin peeling that may travel to the fingertips and other areas of the body, notes Mayo Clinic. Additionally, immune system disorders such as toxic shock syndrome and rare skin disorders cause peeling. A skin rash that leads to peeling skin could indicate certain types of cancer, such as adult non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Peeling skin indicates damage to the upper layer of the skin, also known as the epidermis. Often times, dryness, itching or a rash on the fingertips may accompany peeling skin, according to Mayo Clinic.