Some tips for caring for a tracheostomy include cleaning the hole with a cotton ball or swab and changing the bandage between the tube and the neck once a day, according to MedlinePlus. It is also important to change the tracheostomy ties if they become dirty, making sure to hold the tube in place when removing the ties.
There is always a small amount of mucus around the tube, and the hole in the neck should remain pain-free and pink, explains MedlinePlus. If too much mucus gathers in the tube, it is important to change out the tube. When coughing, keep a tissue or cloth available to catch the mucus from the tube.
After receiving a tracheostomy, the nose no longer keeps the air moist, but there are ways to combat this, states MedlinePlus. For instance, put a wet cloth over the tube, making sure to keep it moist. Using a humidifier in the home can also help. If experiencing a thick mucus plug, add a few drops of salt water or saline to loosen it. It is important to protect the neck with a cloth when going outside, and do not breathe in any food, water, dust or powder.