The symptoms of hypothyroidism in women typically include weight gain, fatigue, slowed heart rate and irritability, while the symptoms of hyperthyroidism can include weight loss, tremors or thyroid gland enlargement, according to Everyday Health. Physical exams and blood tests that measure thyroid hormone and other thyroid levels help physicians to diagnose thyroid disorders properly.
Patients experience hyperthyroidism when the thyroid overproduces thyroid hormones, explains WebMD. Medical conditions, such as Graves disease, subacute thyroiditis and toxic adenomas, typically cause hyperthyroidism.
Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid fails to produce enough thyroid hormones, states WebMD. Patients exposed to excessive amounts of iodine or lithium may develop hypothyroidism. Autoimmune disorders, such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis, may also cause hypothyroidism.
The risk factors associated with thyroid disorders include family history, diabetes, hormonal changes, autoimmune disorders and gender, according to Everyday Health. As of 2015, women make up 80 percent of documented thyroid disorder cases.
Treatment options for hyperthyroidism include medications that reduce or prevent the production of thyroid hormone and radioactive ablation, which prevents the thyroid from overproducing thyroid hormones by destroying thyroid tissue, states MedicineNet. Additional treatment options include the removal of the thyroid gland. Treatment options for patients with hypothyroidism include medication that contains synthetic thyroid hormones. Patients who undergo radioactive ablation or thyroid gland removal must also take synthetic thyroid hormone medications to maintain healthy thyroid hormone levels.